One of the reasons that there is quite a low perinatal mortality rate in the USA and Europe is the prenatal care (or antenatal care) given to the expectant mother, and the specialist help supplied, by the following people:

Family Doctor (GP) The family doctor is usually the first person to be consulted if a woman thinks she is pregnant. It is quite possible that the doctor will be part of a group practice at a health center. He or she may be a GPO (general practitioner obstetrician), i.e., a family doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women and children. You can also look for antenatal care services via

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Health visitor The health visitor is an RGN (registered general nurse) with at least three months of midwifery experience who has attended a one-year technical college course. She or he does in fact look after the whole community and is usually attached to a health center, a general practice, or a local welfare clinic. She or he may also work as a district nurse, providing nursing at home for people who need it. The health visitor may run the antenatal clinic and the child welfare clinic and usually gets to know families very well.

Community midwife The midwife is an RGN who has taken the added qualification of SCM (state certified midwife). She or he is qualified to look after the expectant mother, deliver the baby either at home or in hospital, give drugs if needed, and care for the mother and baby when they leave the hospital. If the midwife is at all anxious, or any problems arise, she or he will always call in a specialist. The midwife is in charge of the care of the mother and child until ten days after the delivery when the responsibility becomes that of 14 of the health visitor.